Attorney General v Foster

JurisdictionJersey
CourtCourt of Appeal
JudgeLe Quesne, Neill and Frossard, JJ.A.:
Judgment Date20 January 1992
Date20 January 1992
COURT OF APPEAL
Le Quesne, Neill and Frossard, JJ.A.:

R.G. Day for the appellant;

T.C. Sowden, Q.C., Solicitor General, for the Crown.

Cases cited:

(1) Att. Gen. v. Aubré, Royal Ct. (1840), 12 P.C. 18, unreported.

(2) Att. Gen. v. Bardoul, Royal Ct. (1895), 23 P.C. 483, unreported, followed.

(3) Att. Gen. v. Bott, Royal Ct. (1895), 23 P.C. 524, unreported.

(4) Att. Gen. v. Burley, Police Ct. (1934), Causes Criminelles 3, unreported.

(5) Att. Gen. v. Cain, Police Ct. (1935), Causes Criminelles 222, unreported, followed.

(6) Att. Gen. v. Comben (1974), 39 P.C. 359, unreported, followed.

(7) Att. Gen. v. De Renty, Royal Ct. (1894), 23 P.C. 379, unreported, explained.

(8) Att. Gen. v. Denis, Royal Ct. (1898), 24 P.C. 339, unreported.

(9) Att. Gen. v. Drieu, Royal Ct. (1907), 25 P.C. 494, unreported.

(10) Att. Gen. v. Dumaresq, Royal Ct. (1823), 7 P.C. 167, unreported.

(11) Att. Gen. v. Gardner, Royal Ct. (1868), 19 P.C. 295, unreported.

(12) Att. Gen. v. Greenland, Royal Ct. (1840), 11 P.C. 547, unreported.

(13) Att. Gen. v. Gregory, Police Ct. (1934), Causes Criminelles 18; 28 P.C. 475, unreported, followed.

(14) Att. Gen. v. Hall, Royal Ct. (1912), 26 P.C. 326, unreported.

(15) Att. Gen. v. Hollier, Royal Ct. (1975), 39 P.C. 504, unreported, followed.

(16) Att. Gen. v. Le Bailly, Royal Ct. (1873), 20 P.C. 77, unreported, followed.

(17) Att. Gen. v. Le Chasseur, Royal Ct. (1904), 25 P.C. 198, unreported.

(18) Att. Gen. v. Le Tocqueux, Royal Ct. (1896), 24 P.C. 100, unreported.

(19) Att. Gen. v. Laurens, Royal Ct. (1841), 12 P.C. 85, unreported, followed.

(20) Att. Gen. v. Leithbridge, Royal Ct. (1887), 22 P.C. 266, unreported, explained.

(21) Att. Gen. v. Neel, Royal Ct. (1873), 20 P.C. 139, 151, 166, unreported, followed.

(22) Att. Gen. v. Nicolle, Royal Ct. (1896), 24 P.C. 25, unreported.

(23) Att. Gen. v. O'Brien, Royal Ct. (1919), 27 P.C. 106, unreported, followed.

(24) Att. Gen. v. Pillet, Royal Ct. (1882), 21 P.C. 304, unreported, followed.

(25) Att. Gen. v. Quentin, Police Ct. (1937), Causes Criminelles 937, unreported.

(26) Att. Gen. v. Rainey, Royal Ct. (1851), 14 P.C. 447, unreported.

(27) Att. Gen. v. Sathern, Royal Ct. (1800), 2 P.C. 73, unreported.

(28) Att. Gen. v. Shapley, Royal Ct. (1950), 33 P.C. 36, unreported, followed.

(29) Att. Gen. v. Smith, Royal Ct. (1873), 11 P.C. 74, unreported.

(30) Att. Gen. v. Western, Royal Ct. (1934), 28 P.C. 497, unreported.

(31) Carpenter v. St. Clement (Constable), 1972 J.J. 2107, applied.

(32) Joyce v. D.P.P., [1946] A.C. 347; [1946] 1 All E.R. 186; (1946), 174 L.T. 206; 62 T.L.R. 208; 115 L.J.K.B. 146; 31 Cr. App. R. 57.

(33) La Cloche v. La Cloche (1870), 4 Moo. P.C.C.N.S. 383; 16 E.R. 770, dictum of Lord Westbury applied.

(34) Marriott v. Att. Gen., 1987-88 JLR 285, applied.

(35) R. v. White (1853), Dears. C.C. 203; 169 E.R. 696; 3 Car. & Kir. 363; 175 E.R. 590; 22 L.J.M.C. 123; 21 L.T.O.S. 159; 17 J.P. 391; 17 Jur. 536; 6 Cox, C.C. 213; 1 W.R. 418.

(36) Renouf v. Att. Gen., [1936] A.C. 445 ([1936] UKPC 27); [1936] 1 All E.R. 936; (1936), 155 L.T. 1; 52 T.L.R. 455; 105 L.J.P.C. 84; 80 Sol. Jo. 304, dictum of Lord Maugham applied.

(37) Sykes v. D.P.P., [1962] A.C. 528; [1961] 3 All E.R. 33; (1961), 45 Cr. App. R. 230; 125 J.P. 523; 105 Sol. Jo. 566, applied.

(38) Vaudin v. Hamon, [1974] A.C. 569 ([1973] UKPC 16); (1973), 117 Sol. Jo. 601, dictum of Lord Wilberforce applied.

Additional cases cited by counsel:

Allain v. Syvret, Royal Ct. (1718), 23 H. 324, unreported.

Ashford v. Thornton (1818), 1 B. & Ald. 405.

Att. Gen. v. Ahier, 1981 J.J. 29.

Att. Gen. v. Annison, 1987-88 JLR N-9.

Att. Gen. v. Asplet, Police Ct. (1869), 3 Causes Criminelles 110, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Ball, Royal Ct. (1840), 12 P.C. 38, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Blackman, Royal Ct. (1959), 35 P.C. 40, 52, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Blackmore, Royal Ct. (1921), 27 P.C. 200, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Brontonne, Police Ct. (1864), 2 Causes Criminelles 273, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Costard, Royal Ct. (1838), 11 P.C. 547, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Cummings, Royal Ct. (1898), 24 P.C. 256, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. de Jersey, Royal Ct. (1852), 15 P.C. 177, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. de la Mare, Royal Ct. (1895), 23 P.C. 464, unreported.

Att. Gen.v. de Louche, Royal Ct. (1838), 11 P.C. 547, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. de Ste. Croix, Royal Ct. (1859), 17 P.C. 337, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Du Heaume, Royal Ct. (1903), 25 P.C. 62, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Devonshire Hotels Ltd., 1987-88 JLR 577.

Att. Gen. v. Durant, Royal Ct. (1892), 23 P.C. 162, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Fernando, Royal Ct. (1980), 41 P.C. 345, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Gilbert, Royal Ct. (1974), 39 P.C. 222, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Godfray, Royal Ct. (1910), 26 P.C. 40, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Jukes, Royal Ct. (1979), 41 P.C. 189, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Kane, Royal Ct. (1974), 34 P.C. 304, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Kendall, Royal Ct. (1914), 26 P.C. 326, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Le Brun, Police Ct. (1856), 1 Causes Criminelles 203, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Le Gallais, Royal Ct. (1911), 16 P.C. 115, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Le Gresley, Royal Ct. (1893), 23 P.C. 323, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Le Houquet, Royal Ct. (1901), 24 P.C. 479, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Le Quesne, Royal Ct. (1849), 14 P.C. 216, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Lancashire, Royal Ct. (1907), 25 P.C. 456, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Loiret, Royal Ct. (1897), 24 P.C. 184, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Ludlow, Royal Ct. (1926), 27 P.C. 520, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Makarios, 1979 J.J. 85.

Att. Gen. v. Mariette, Royal Ct. (1938), 29 P.C. 509, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Martin, Royal Ct. (1932), 28 P.C. 342, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Moody, Royal Ct. (1981), 41 P.C. 476, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Musk, Royal Ct. (1975), 39 P.C. 504, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. O'Neill, Royal Ct. (1974), 39 P.C. 237, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Orman, Royal Ct. (1927), 28 P.C. 75, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Ozanne, Royal Ct. (1846), 13 P.C. 213, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Pasturel, Royal Ct. (1899), 24 P.C. 363, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Pennington, 1970 J.J. 1349.

Att. Gen. v. Perkes, Royal Ct. (1919), 27 P.C. 112, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Poilpeau, Police Ct. (1867), 2 Causes Criminelles 487, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Quenault, Police Ct. (1862), 2 Causes Criminelles 116, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Roberts, Police Ct. (1868), 3 Causes Criminelles 1, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Roberts, Police Ct. (1898), 24 P.C. 242, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Rogers, Royal Ct., August 18th, 1986, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Seigle, Police Ct. (1858), 1 Causes Criminelles 428, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Silbey, Royal Ct. (1882), 21 P.C. 304, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Smith, Police Ct. (1867), 2 Causes Criminelles 484, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Stafford, Royal Ct. (1920), 27 P.C. 112, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Sullivan, Police Ct. (1863), 2 Causes Criminelles 250, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Thoreau, Royal Ct. (1781) Ex. 117, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Thwaites, 1978 J.J. 179.

Att. Gen. v. Vasselin, Police Ct. (1865), 2 Causes Criminelles 441, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Voisin, Royal Ct. (1823), 7 P.C. 112, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Watson, Royal Ct. (1932), 28 P.C. 336, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Weston, 1979 J.J. 141.

Att. Gen. v. White, Royal Ct. (1932), 28 P.C. 307, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Wigham, Police Ct. (1868), 3 Causes Criminelles 38, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Wildsmith, Royal Ct. (1963), 36 P.C. 113, unreported.

Att. Gen. v. Williams, Royal Ct. (1963), 36 P.C. 27, unreported.

Barker, In re, 1985-86 JLR 186.

Bowman v. Secular Socy. Ltd., [1917] A.C. 406.

Boyle v. H.M. Advocate, 1976 S.C.(J.) 32.

de Guidici v. du Hamel, Royal Ct. (1669), 1 O.C. 331, unreported.

Davest Invs. Ltd. v. Bryant, 1982 J.J. 213.

Godfray v. Godfray, (1865), 16 E.R. 120.

Hervé v. Att. Gen., Royal Ct. (1976), 40 P.C. 53, unreported.

Hodge (Julian S.) Bank (Jersey) Ltd. v. Richomme, 1977 J.J. 45.

Howarth v. McBride, 1984 J.J. 45.

Intersub Ltd., In re, 1985-86 JLR 202.

Janvrin v. de la Mare (1861), 14 E.R. 332.

Jersey Bar, In re (1859), 14 E.R. 103.

Knuller (Publ., Printing & Promotions) Ltd. v. D.P.P., [1973] A.C. 435.

Kwanza Hotels Ltd. v. Sogeo Co. Ltd., 1981 J.J. 59.

Lampaert, In re, 1990 JLR 290.

Louis v. Att. Gen., Royal Ct. (1975), 39 P.C. 385, 419, unreported.

Malabry Invs. Ltd., In re, 1982 J.J. 117.

Manchester Corp. v. Manchester Palace of Varieties Ltd., [1955] P. 133.

Procureur Général, Ex p., Royal Ct. (1740), 28 H. 325, unreported.

R. v. Andrews, [1962] 1 W.L.R. 1474.

R. v. Bertrand (1867), 16 E.R. 391.

R. v. King, [1965] 1 W.L.R. 706.

R. v. Manley, [1933] 1 K.B. 529.

R. v. Newland, [1954] 1 Q.B. 158.

R. v. Redford, English Court of Appeal, The Daily Telegraph, October 27th, 1988.

Racz, Re, Royal Ct. (1970), 38 P.C. 288, unreported.

Rival, Re, Royal Ct. (1790), 4 O.C. 241, unreported.

Romeril v. Davis, 1977 J.J. 135.

S. v. Bloxam, [1971] 2 W.L.D. 488.

Shaw v. D.P.P., [1962] A.C. 220.

Simmons v. Att. Gen., Royal Ct. (1973), 39 P.C. 142, unreported.

Tatham v. Andree (1863), 15 E.R. 747.

Villeneuve v. Guppy, Royal Ct. (1742), 3 O.C. 219, unreported.

Wimbourne (Viscount), Ex p., 1983 J.J. 17.

Texts cited:

Burchell & Hunt, South African Criminal Law & Procedure (formerly Gardiner & Lansdown), 2nd ed., vol. 1, at 40; vol. 2, at 755; at 771-777 (1983).

Hemery & Dumaresq, A Statement of the Mode of Proceeding and of Going to Trial in the Royal Court of Jersey, at 48; at 52 (1789).

Le Geyt, 3 Traité des Crimes, at 385 (1847 ed.).

Pipon & Durell, A Statement of the Mode of Proceeding and of Going to Trial in the Royal Court of Jersey, at 12 (1789).

Poingdestre, Les Lois et Coutumes de Jersey, at 238 (1928).

Report of the Commissioners on the Criminal Law of Jersey, Report, at vii; at...

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